Not so much this-and-then-than happened, as an attempt to get at the zeitgeist. I don't know enough to say whether its a good attempt, but it was certainly an interesting read. Culture, politics, morals, women, technology, health, race, art and a very great deal of sex. The world was moving too fast, capitalism was destroying identity, the right sort of people were having too few children and everyone else was having too many, the traditions of earlier ages were being shattered, technology was changing the nature of society and no one knew what to do about it, sex wasn't what it was supposed to be, morality was in crisis, women were too manly and men weren't manly enough, etc, etc. Conservatives keep being afraid of the same things, in an endless unprogressing loop, it seems.